What is in this article?:
- CI focusing on farmersâ€™ top production issues
- Water issues huge
- Cotton yield made in Texas last year is truly remarkable.
- Cotton Incorporated research helps provide many production tools.
- Managing glyphosate resistant weeds has been a challenging undertaking.
KATER HAKE, left, vice president, agricultural and environmental research for Cotton Incorporated, Cary, N.C., discusses CI research efforts at the recent Concho Valley Cotton Conference in San Angelo. Doug Wilde, conference moderator and San Angelo farmer, makes the introduction.
Cotton farmers have identified six issues as top production concerns with input costs topping the list followed by 2) herbicide resistant weeds, 3)variety selection, 4)variety tolerance to heat and drought, 5)early weed control and 6)seedling vigor and 6)cottonseed value (tied for sixth).
Cotton Incorporated research efforts are addressing those concerns, as well as others, says Kater Hake, vice president, agricultural and environmental research for Cotton Incorporated, Cary, N.C.
Hake discussed Cotton Incorporated’s research goals during the recent Concho Valley Cotton Conference in San Angelo. He also commented on cotton farmers’ incredible efforts in making decent yields through two devastating droughts and heat waves.
“For more than half of the United States, 2012 was either the hottest or the second hottest year on record,” Hake said. “In Texas, it was the hottest. With that heat, the yield made in Texas last year is truly remarkable.”
The key to that success, he said, in Texas and across the Cotton Belt, was the “expertise of farmers and the tools available” to them. Cotton Incorporated research helps provide many of those tools. Agricultural research is number two on the CI list of funding priorities, behind promotion, “but funding for research has increased significantly,” he said.
Yield increase is a critical focus and efforts include the top six farmer concerns. “We attempt to leverage available funds to the hilt,” Hake said. That includes making research results readily available to farmers. “We have recently posted our first item on the plant management network (plantmanagementnetwork.org). Fusarium is the first item, posted in a focus on cotton.”
He said an irrigation guide also has been developed for “the humid regions of the Mid-South and Southeast,” to help producers understand cotton irrigation demand. “We’re also looking at the value of soil organic matter and conservation tillage. Those efforts are being driven by the USDA Natural Resource Conservation Service.
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Soil organic matter and conservation tillage, he said, offer producers several advantages, including: increasing water infiltration by protecting the soil surface from high energy rain drops and keeping macro pores open to capture intense rainfall. Conservation tillage also helps reduce soil surface evaporation and promotes root growth near the soil surface. The practice also “slightly increases” water holding capacity and may expand root growth.
Managing glyphosate resistant weeds has been a challenging undertaking, Hake said, but industry, universities and growers have made progress. “We had a huge effort in the Mid-South and the Southeast and by 2012 the area was relatively clean. However, now some 40 percent of High Plains cotton fields have glyphosate-resistant Palmer amaranth. But we know we have the tools available to control it.”
Hake said nematode management will be another key area of concern. “Recent sequencing of the cotton plant genome offers a useful tool to improve plants.”
Sustainability throughout the cotton production cycle—from field to fabric and other products made from cotton—is a key issue for Cotton Incorporated as it answers charges that cotton is not an environmentally friendly crop. “The anti-cotton forces are engaging with consumers,” he said.