What is in this article?:
- 2013 peanut acreage question tackled state-by-state
- Acreage, production questionnaire
- A lot of new growers
- Results for Georgia
- To try and get an estimate on the 2013 U.S. peanut crop, a questionnaire was submitted to Peanut Belt agronomists asking them for their thoughts and comments on the upcoming production year.
Acreage, production questionnaire
In the questionnaire, Wright asked the agronomists to consider the following three questions:
• Will acreage be up, down or steady in your state in 2013 and by approximately how much (percentage up or down) compared to last year?
• What will be the predominant cultivars in your state?
• What do you foresee as the most critical production issues (pests, soil fertility, water, marketing/contracting, etc.) in your state going into the 2012 crop?
Answers provided by the agronomists are as follows, including those from Wright.
Virginia had about 20,000 acres of peanuts this past year with an average yield of about 4,200 pounds per acre. They’re estimating their acreage will be down to around 10,000 in 2013.
Production issues this past year included too much vine growth and manganese deficiencies late in the season. Primary cultivars planted will be Virginia-type Bailey and Suggs.
North Carolina’s acreage is expected to drop by about 30 percent from 106,000 acres to about 70,000 acres. They had a record-high yield of 4,200 pounds per acre.
South Carolina’s acreage is expected to be down by about 35 percent to about 70,000 acres this year from 107,000 acres in 2012. The state’s average yield was about 3,900 pounds this past year.
Growers had a few problems from drought conditions and disease pressure. About 70 percent of the varieties planted are Virginia-type.
New Mexico peanut producers planted about 8,000 acres in 2012, and they’re expected to plant 3,000 to 5,000 acres in 2013. They had the lowest yields of any state this past year at 3,000 pounds per acre, and their primary production issue was that they were in the second year of a major drought.
They plant primarily Valencia-type peanuts. They had contracts in 2012 of about $1,200 per ton, and they expect those to be down to about $750 per ton this year.
Oklahoma peanut producers planted 22,000 acres in 2012, and they’re expected to drop to about 20,000 acres this year.
They had a record-high yield of 3,800 pounds this past year. Key production issues in 2012 included drought and an early freeze. Cultivars include runners Tamrun-OL07 and the Spanish peanut Tamnut-06.
Arkansas growers planted about 18,000 acres in 2012, with a yield of 4,500 pounds per acre, which is the second-highest to Georgia. They expect to be down to 10,000 to 15,000 acres this year.