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- They are keeping a close watch on peanut fields this spring and are hoping reduced hog numbers will mean less pressure.
- The Whites say peanuts have been the most consistent crop they grow for profit. “Planting is a little more difficult,” he says. “And harvest is slow. We have to remember that a peanut plant is a vegetable, and we have to be timely with it.”
GAYLE AND JOE. D WHITE, Tillman County, Okla., take their four-wheeler on a crop inspection tour on their peanut, cotton and grain farm near Frederick, Okla.
Their peanut program starts with a moldboard plow, a practice he continues to follow in peanuts even as he converts his other crop acreage to a no-till system.
“I just haven’t figured out how to control weeds in no-till peanuts yet,” he says, but concedes that he’s working on it.
Back one step, White applies 100 pounds of 0-0-60, then “moldboards it under.” He likes to get potassium out early “to keep it out of the pegging zone.
“After we settle the land back down, we apply a yellow herbicide and 60 units of nitrogen, 40 units of phosphorus and 20 pounds of sulfur. We fertilize for the peanuts, but also for the next crop.”
He plants the first week of May, 125 pounds of Jupiter Virginia seed per acre with an inoculant. “They have been consistent for us,” he says. “I’ve tried others.”
He adds Cadre herbicide three to four weeks later. “I sometimes add Dual in addition to the other herbicides, but the yellow and Cadre usually are enough. Cadre is good on nutgrass and morningglory, and also helps with broadleaf weeds.”
He applies Abound fungicide in mid-to late July, “right about flowering, just before pegging.”
He may need two more fungicide applications for leafspot, depending on weather.
“With high humidity, we may need two late fungicide treatments,” he says. That’s usually one application of Folicur and sometimes an application of Bravo “to finish up.”
Those last fungicide treatments typically come mid-August through the first 10 days of September. He says Folicur has become a good option. “It’s inexpensive and has a broad spectrum of activity.”
Irrigation timing is typically not an issue for White. “We turn the water on and irrigate as needed,” he says. “Last year started out wet. We got 5 inches of rain right after we planted.”
“Without GPS we wouldn’t have been able to find the rows after the rain,” Gayle says. “But we got a perfect stand — and then we got no more rain. And the wind just blew and blew.”
White says he used center sweeps in his peanuts to keep soil from blowing. “I had never done that before — but we did quite a few things last year that we don’t normally do. And we still made a crop.”
But it wasn’t easy. Yields were about two-thirds of normal production.