What is in this article?:
- In the questionnaire, Beasley asked the agronomists to consider the following three questions:
- Will acreage be up, down or steady in your state in 2012 and by approximately how much (percentage up or down) compared to last year?
- What will be the predominant cultivars in your state?
- What do you foresee as the most critical production issues (pests, soil fertility, water, marketing/contracting, etc.) in your state going into the 2012 crop?
Scott Monfort of Clemson University predicts that South Carolina acreage will be up 10 to 15 percent, and that 70 percent of the acres will be planted in Virginia-types (Bailey, Georgia-08V, CHAMPS and NC-V 11, while 30 percent will be planted in runners, including Georgia-06G, Georgia Greener and Florida-07.
He expects major challenges to include an increase in new growers throughout the state, with some having problems getting contracts; soil moisture, especially considering that most of the state’s acreage is dryland; and the potential for disease and other pest problems.
Naveen Puppala of New Mexico State University says acreage in his state could stay the same as last year or increase by as much as 10 percent, depending on soil moisture at planting.
Cultivars planted will include Valencia-C, Valencia-A, GenTex-136, GenTex-112, GenTex-118, GenTex-119 and GenTex-122 (all Valencia type).
Many farmers have shown an interest in growing peanuts, but not many have signed contracts due to dry weather conditions. Water is expected to be the major limiting factor in 2012.
Chad Godsey of Oklahoma State University thinks acreage in Oklahoma will remain about the same, somewhere around 20,000 to 25,000 acres, with the acreage split somewhere around 40 percent runner, 40 percent Spanish, and 20 percent Virginia.
Runner varieties will be Red River Runner, Georgia-09B, and Tamrun OL07; Spanish will be Tamnut OL06 and AT98-99-14; and Virginia will be mainly Jupiter.
Water and temperatures will be major challenges again this year, and growers also are hesitant about marketing.
Jason Woodward of Texas A&M University says acreage more than likely will stay the same in his state, with acres lost in one region being offset in others.
“Producers are reluctant to commit to peanuts due to the lack of rainfall, and little activity on peanut contracts also plays to the uncertainty. Cotton prices are still relatively strong and may garner acres in the High Plains.
“However, acres in parts of central Texas may come back into production. As for now, it is anyone’s guess.”
Cultivars planted will include: Runner (55 percent): FlavorRunner 458 (35 percent), Florida-07 (25 percent), TamrunOL07 (20 percent), TamrunOL01 (10 percent), Georgia-09B (3 percent), Red River Runner (2 percent), others (5 percent);Virginia (30 percent): Gregory (55 percent), FloridaFancy (25 percent), Perry (10 percent), others (10 percent); Spanish (10 percent): Tamnut OL06 (75 percent), others (25 percent); andValencia (5 percent): Valencia C (50 percent), others (50 percent).
Weather conditions undoubtedly will be the main concern for producers. Lack of adequate soil moisture at planting will deter producers from planting. Uncertainty with contract prices also will impact planting intentions.
Diseases, primarily the pod rot complex, as well as leaf spot and Sclerotinia blight can affect management decisions (weather permitting).
Mike Howell of Mississippi State University says acreage will be up in the state in 2012.
“We were at 14,500 acres last year, and from what I am hearing, we have over 50,000 acres under contract at this time, but that does not include anything from Hattiesburg south. If this number is correct, that would put us close to 60,000 acres.
“Honestly, I really don't see us getting quite that big. I think we will end up somewhere in the 45,000 to 50,000-acre range.”
Most of the Mississippi crop will be planted to Georgia-06G with some acres of Florida-07, Georgia Greener and even less Georgia-07W.There will be a few acres of Georgia-09B if growers can get the seed.
Howell says the main challenge will be harvest, considering the new acres. “I am worried we will not have enough pickers to get the crop in if we have any weather complications. Also, we will have four new buying points in operation this year.
“I am concerned about having enough trailers and keeping peanuts flowing through the system at the buying point.”