In spite of another drought-plagued growing season, Oklahoma’s peanut yields held up well and seed germination from the 2013 crop appears to be good.

“We’ve seen some up and down with germination, with some in the high 90-percent range and some as low as the mid 50-percent level,” says Wade Krivanek, with the Oklahoma Department of Agriculture, Food and Forestry.

Krivanek, speaking at the Texas/Oklahoma Seed Trade breakfast prior to the annual Oklahoma Peanut Expo recently at the Quartz Mountain Resort near Lone Wolf, Okla., said a “little higher percentage of ‘dead seed’ showed up in certain lots. We don’t have an answer for the dead seed content,” he added. “But overall, seed looks pretty good. We don’t foresee any significant issues with planting seed if we get good growing conditions. Overall, we have good seed quality. We still have some left to test.”

He said abnormal seedling issues commonly found from the 2013 crop included no root development (moderate); weak, stubby, missing primary roots, no secondary roots (moderate); no epicotyl development (slight); missing primary leaf (slight); deep open lesions or cracks in hypocotyl (slight); and dead rotting seed (significant).

Peanut plant goes to the auction block

Seed quality is significantly better than following the 2011 crop, he said. “Two years ago we were looking at some real sorry seed.”

Alan Ortloff, Texoma Peanut Company/Clint Williams, Madill, Okla., said the 2013 peanut harvest was a good one. “Seed quality is looking good. Gregory is the best we’ve ever had. We are off to a good start.”

The 2013 Oklahoma peanut crop was “a near record,” said Joe D White, Oklahoma Peanut Commission chairman and peanut producer from Frederick. “State average was a bit more than 3,800 pounds per acre. “It was a good crop,” White said.

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Market type preference has changed, he added. “Those were mostly Spanish peanuts. The rest were split between runners and Virginias.”