The University of Texas at San Antonio has launched the Water Institute of Texas to promote collaboration between nearly three dozen UTSA researchers who are studying water related issues. Scholars in the Institute will provide data, information, and technology and policy solutions to decision makers and companies developing short- and long-term water sustainability strategies.
The scarcity of water is one of the most significant challenges facing humanity today. Although water resources are immense, less than one percent of the world's water is available for human consumption. Today, nearly 600,000 people around the world face a water shortage. In 2025, nearly three billion people will face a water shortage.
"Typically, we think of water shortages as problems that affect only third-world countries," said Mauli Agrawal, dean of the UTSA College of Engineering. "However, water scarcity is a major issue for South Texas, where the land is arid and the population continues to grow. Locally, farmers, city residents, businesses, energy producers, the oil and gas industry and natural species all vie for water, leading to a unique spectrum of technological, social and political issues."
Researchers in UTSA's new water institute will focus on five key areas:
- Managing the current water supply
- Developing innovative water sources
- Enhancing water quality
- Carrying out community outreach and education
- Studying demographics/economics of water
UTSA master's and doctoral students, particularly those in civil and environmental engineering, geology, environmental sciences, public policy, education, architecture and business, will conduct research in the Water Institute. Special efforts will be made to include undergraduate students in WIT's research, training, community education and outreach activities. WIT's scholars also will partner with water utilities such as the San Antonio Water System, the San Antonio River Authority and the Edwards Aquifer Authority as well as businesses, educational institutions, social agencies and community groups.
UTSA anticipates that researchers will study water management, aquifer storage and recovery, desalination processes and plant improvements, bacteriological source tracking, wastewater treatment, water policy and other related topics.
A.T. Papagiannakis, chair of the UTSA Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, will serve as the Institute's interim director while UTSA conducts a national search for a permanent director. Alan Dutton, chair of the UTSA Department of Geology, will serve as the Institute's assistant director.