Texas peanut farmers may have a few more planting options available for the 2004 crop, including high oleic and disease tolerant varieties says Todd Baughman, Texas Extension agronomist at the Vernon Research and Extension Center.
Baughman provided a variety update to growers during the North West Texas Ag Conference recently in Memphis, Texas.
He said Tamrun OL 02 looked good in 2002 and 2003 runner type tests. He said other varieties looked good but results were inconsistent, producing well in some tests and not in others. “We will continue to evaluate these varieties to determine their adaptability and where they might best fit,” he said.
Georgia High O/L “is a variety between a runner and a Virginia-type peanut. It's a little small for in-shell peanuts but it's a big runner peanut,” Baughman said. He said he hasn't tested two other Georgia varieties, Georgia O2C and Georgia O1R but hopes to look at them this year. Georgia O2C is a high oleic variety with spotted wilt resistance. “That may have potential. Although spotted wilt has not been a big problem in West Texas it may be beneficial to other regions” Baughman said.
He said O1R is late maturing in Georgia so probably will not have a fit in West Texas, but might fit in South Texas.
Baughman said several varieties have come out of the University of Florida program.
GP-1, he said, is a high oleic early runner peanut that “could have potential for Texas.
“Trials last year were inconclusive.”
Baughman said a new Virginia-type peanut, NC 12C, produced a higher yield than NC 7 and had better disease tolerance.
Baughman said in market type variety tests runner types produced the best yields. Spanish peanuts “were quite a bit lower but at one location they spent three weeks in a drizzle.
“We tested two runner types, two Spanish and two Virginias. We hope to add Valencias this year. We could see some marketing opportunities for Valencias. Price is the big question.”
Baughman provided a rundown of 2003 variety tests. For runner peanuts, he provided date from three Texas locations, Quail, Quitaque, and Denver City.
At Quail, “Tamrun OL 2 was the only variety that yielded more than 4,000 pounds per acre,” he said.
Carver, Nematam, Tamrun 96 and FlavoRunner 458 had similar yields; FlavoRunner 458 had a grade of 80 and was similar to Nematam, Tamrun 96 and Norden.
At Quitaque, Andru II and Carver yielded more than 5,000 pounds per acre. “Yields were similar with Tamrun OL 02, Tamrun 96 and FlavoRunner 458. “We saw no difference in grade among any of the varieties.”
GP-1, FlavoRunner 458, Norden and Carver all yielded more than 4,000 pounds per acre at Denver City. Tamrun 96 had a similar yield to GP-1. Carver also had a higher grade than all other varieties.
Baughman conducted tests on Virginia types at two locations, Denver City and in Yoakum County.
NC12C, Gregory and Perry all yielded more than 3,000 pounds per acre at Denver City and grades were all similar. In Yoakum County, Perry yielded more than 7,000 pounds per acre and VC2, Gregory and NC12C made similar yields.