Joe Pena, Extension economist in Uvalde, said corn and grain sorghum harvest in South and Central Texas is about midway. "In Texas, for the second year in a row, plantings are down, acres for harvest are down and yields are off," he said.
The first five months of this year were dry. Corn did not fare well in the hot weather, Pena said. Irrigated corn is doing well with excellent yields. Dryland corn did not do as well, he said.
Overall harvest was slightly behind schedule because rainfall in the middle of harvest affected corn and sorghum. Normally harvest occurs in July and August in South and Central Texas. In the High Plains corn and sorghum are harvested in September, Pena said.
Corn yields in United States are expected to be 139 bushels per acre.
Texas corn yields will be much lower than that, Pena said.
"In Texas we are forecasting about 196 million bushels of total corn to be harvested. That is almost 10 million less than last year's crop of 205 million bushels," he said.
Sorghum is doing a little better than corn with expected yield totals of about 143 million bushels, about 13 million more than last year, Pena said.
Travis Miller, associate head and Extension program leader for soil and crop sciences in College Station, said dryland corn in Southeast Texas was hurt by the dry weather in April and May.
"Most corn is already combined here. We had a lot of 40-bushel to 60-bushel corn, which is about two-thirds of a normal yield," Miller said.
Yields for sorghum depend on when it was planted. Sorghum that was planted early isn't growing as well as sorghum planted late and had rainfall, he said.
"North of Waco had an above-average corn and grain sorghum crop," he said.
Overall, the grain sorghum did a bit better than the corn. Some corn is still left to be cut, but not much. Some producers had to wait for the fields to dry out so they could continue harvesting corn after the recent rains, Miller said.
Bob Robinson, district Extension director in Amarillo, said some early-planted fields of corn are beginning to dent in the Panhandle. Corn silage will probably begin next week. Spider mites are also becoming a problem, but remain low in most fields, he said.