U.S. and Mexican officials have signed a memorandum of understanding aimed at addressing several issues, including the ongoing dispute between the two countries over water resources in the Lower Rio Grande Valley.
The agreement with Mexico's Secretariat of the Environment and Natural Resources will create permanent bilateral working groups for cooperation in biotechnology, water resources, forest resources, sustainable rural development and environmental services, according to Agriculture Secretary Ann Veneman.
“I am pleased to formalize the relationship between USDA and Mexico's Secretariat of the Environment and Natural Resources by signing this Memorandum of Understanding,” said Veneman. “The MOU solidifies our commitment to work together in specific areas that both Mexico and the United States share as environmental priorities.”
Currently, USDA shares approximately 30 collaborative research projects with Mexico in areas such as biotechnology and biosafety, fire management and forest fire protection, and greenhouse gas reduction through soil carbon enhancement. The MOU provides a mechanism to expand research projects.
“At the Ministerial Conference on Agricultural Science and Technology last month, delegates from around the world recognized that water quality and availability are problems that deserve special attention,” said Veneman.
“By forging a closer working relationship with Mexico's principal environmental agency, we can work collaboratively on better watershed management and irrigation techniques and research to help develop drought-resistant crops.”
Since the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) went into effect in 1994, two-way agricultural trade between the United States and Mexico increased more than 100 percent, reaching $12.8 billion in 2002. This increased agricultural trade has also expanded technical and scientific exchanges between the two countries, along with creating a network of contacts between U.S. and Mexican research institutions.
“This MOU is one way to help formalize these relationships,” the secretary said.
For more information on this U.S.-Mexico MOU or other USDA efforts in government-to-government technical cooperation and exchanges, contact the USDA Foreign Agricultural Service's International Cooperation and Development office at (202) 690-0776 or on the Web at http://www.fas.usda.gov/icd/exchange.html.