What is in this article?:
- Texas AgriLife Research explores new options, disease control and varieties for wheat
- New varieties
- Expanding wheat production area
Texas AgriLife researchers are working on multiple fronts to improve opportunities for wheat production throughout the state.
Streaks of green and yellow and little flecks on wheat in a mosaic pattern are the symptoms of wheat streak mosaic, a common disease in the High Plains.
Expanding wheat production area
Paul Schattenberg offers a report on efforts to test wheat varieties that may be suitable for “non-traditional” areas of the state.
Wheat is the biggest field crop in Texas in terms of acreage — estimated at about 6 million acres annually by the National Agricultural Statistics Service — but is currently grown mostly in the High Plains and Rolling Plains.
Dr. Mark Welch, Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service economist in College Station, says wheat is underutilized in other parts of the state and many producers could benefit financially by having it as a primary or rotational crop.
Recently, wheat trials at the Texas A&M AgriLife Research and Extension Center in Uvalde were highlighted at its Combined Wheat and Vegetable Field Day, which introduced area producers to multiple varieties of spring and winter wheat grown under different irrigation rates.
And there is also good potential for wheat production in coastal areas and as far south as the Lower Rio Grande Valley, Welch noted. More on statewide wheat potential.