What is in this article?:
- Swine producers urged to guard against aflatoxin in corn
- Long-term effects
- Soaring temperatures and drought conditions through parts of Kansas and other states are sparking some cases of aflatoxin in corn.
- Swine producers should be vigilant about what they’re feeding.
- Once it appears, toxin levels seem to continue to increase in fields due to mold growth.
“Keep in mind that aflatoxin is a carcinogen, and that levels build up in the body over time,” Tokach said. “So, when feeding corn that contains aflatoxin, there may be reduced feed intake in the short term, but it’s the long term where the biggest negative impact can occur.”
When feeding in grow finish situations, typically there is no adverse effect if corn contains less than 200 ppb aflatoxin, but at 200 to 400 ppb reduced growth can occur and immune systems can be compromised, he said. At 400 to 800 ppb, liver lesions can occur.
When feeding aflatoxin-infected corn to sows, there is typically no effect at less than 100 ppb, Tokach said. If levels are in the 500 to 750 ppb range, pigs will grow more slowly due to aflatoxin in the sow’s milk. There does not appear, however, to be any effect on conception rates.
If feeding infected corn to nursery pigs, there is no effect if the aflatoxin is kept under 20 ppb, he said.
“Producers who have high aflatoxin corn should use a binder, such as bentonite or aluminosilicate at 10 pounds per ton,” DeRouchey said. “Research shows that bentonite will bind up to 700 ppb of aflatoxin. You do not need to add a binder to finishing diets, except last finisher situations, if levels are less than 200 ppb.”
Even though research shows that higher levels of aflatoxin can be tolerated when bentonite is added to the diet, Food and Drug Administration regulations require that corn fed to young pigs contain less than 20 ppb, for breeding animals less than 100 ppb, and for finishing pigs, less than 200. If the corn has greater than 200 ppb, FDA rules indicate that it should be blended with other corn to lower the level to 200 ppb or less before feeding. Blended corn must be used on-site and cannot be sold.
The swine specialists encouraged producers to use clean corn (less than 20 ppb) for nursery and lactating sows and feed corn with more than 20 ppb aflatoxin to finishing pigs.