What is in this article?:
- I.C. Terry Farms Peanut Profitability winners for Lower Southeast
- Rotation crops limited
- Weed control program
- Ross, along with William and James Terry, are the Farm Press Peanut Profitability Award winners this year for the Lower Southeast Region.
- I.C. Terry Farms is truly a family affair, with Ross being a cousin to brothers William and James.
Rotation crops limited
“Just a few miles north of here, corn is still being utilized because of the soil types, and soybeans still are being grown in the Florida Panhandle, but in this area, we are limited. We’re too far from the gin for cotton, unless cotton prices are really good, and we don’t have adequate infrastructure to handle corn here. It’s not easy to come up with a workable rotation.”
But thanks to favorable prices, many pastures in the region were turned under this year and planted in peanuts.
Thomas says either the Terry’s are living right, or they’re lucky enough to be located in the rain belt of Florida. None of their acreage is irrigated.
“This soil here is not really considered peanut soil, but we started doing peanut variety trials because we wanted to have comparative data that was local to the north-central Florida area.
“I knew we were coming along with some really good peanut varieties, and we had different soil conditions in this area. The plots at the Terry farm also are used as an educational tool for other growers.
“We also wanted to take a look at the multiple-year performance of peanut varieties, and these trials tell us the yields after the first, second and subsequent years of this rotation.
“If you take a look at the first year behind a grass rotation, you’ll see very little difference regardless of the variety. In the second year, you’ll see some slight differences, and a little more in the third year, due to the adaptability of the variety itself,” he says.
The Terry’s are growing mostly the Georgia-06 variety, but they had a plot of Georgia-07 last year that made 7,200 pounds of peanuts per acre. They are planting all single, 36-inch rows, conventionally tilled.
They try to plant all their peanuts in April, sometimes delaying until the first couple of weeks of May, depending on the weather.
“Our typical disease control program starts with two applications of chlorothalonil, Provost on the third, fourth, fifth and sixth sprays, and then back to chlorothalonil, usually mixed with a material like Topsin M,” says Ross.
Tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV) has not been an economic problem in the area, he says.
“Up until this year, Temik was always put out at planting, and then over-the-top at pegging. This year, we switched up and used Phorate, and so far, it’s holding up. We’ve had soil-borne disease problems in some fields, especially cylindrocladium black rot (CBR),” says Ross.