What is in this article?:
- Peanut seed price, quality and supply all look good for 2013
- Spread genetics around
- Losing yield on back end
- Limited supply this year
- Seed supply should be plentiful, seed quality should be good, and seed prices should be considerably lower than last year, when there was such a tight supply on commercially available peanuts for the edible market.
Losing yield on back end
“We were losing yield on the back end because of colder weather moving in during late October. The peanuts planted in June were not physiologically mature, and they shut down. We probably shouldn’t plant any peanuts in June, with an eye towards getting it wrapped up by about May 20.”
Growers should be aware of the impact of early planting and soil temperature on the rate of seed germination and plant emergence, says Beasley.
“The recommendation is for a minimum temperature of 65 degrees for several mornings, and more recent data suggests that we probably need to wait until the temperature reaches 70 degrees.
“We’re advising growers to get started earlier, but don’t start so early you jeopardize your plant stand by planting into cool soil temperatures. We’re really seeing a good yield response in that April 25-30 range.”
The following runner-type peanut cultivars currently are commercially available or will be available in the near future:
Georgia-06G is a high-yielding, large-seeded, runner-type variety developed at the UGA Coastal Plain Experiment Station, Tifton. The variety has shown a high level of resistance to tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV). Georgia-06G has an intermediate or decumbent runner growth habit, dark green foliage and medium maturity similar to Georgia Green. Georgia-06G combines high TSWV resistance with medium maturity and excellent yield, grade and dollar value return per acre.
Georgia Greener is a high-yielding, typical-seeded, runner-type variety. The variety has shown a high level of resistance to TSWV. As the name implies, it has dark green foliage, intermediate or decumbent runner growth habit and typical runner seed size. Georgia Greener also has medium maturity.
Georgia-07W is a high-yielding, TSWV and white mold-resistant, runner-type variety. The variety has shown a high level of resistance to TSWV and white mold. Georgia-07W has more of a runner growth habit, dark green foliage and medium maturity similar to Georgia Green. It offers excellent yield, grade and dollar value return per acre.
Tifguard was developed by USDA’s Agriculture Research Service in Tifton, Ga. It has resistance to nematodes so as to be characterized as “near immunity,” and it offers good yields and grades, especially in places where there would be no yield from other varieties. It offers good resistance to TSWV and maturity is similar to Georgia Green.
Florida-07 is a medium-to-late runner market-type peanut released from the University of Florida in 2006. It has shown excellent yield potential with good grades. Seed is similar in size to C-99R and, for this reason, gypsum is recommended for additional calcium. It has good to excellent resistance to TSWV, some white mold resistance and tolerance to leafspot. Florida-07 has high-oleic oil chemistry with good-to-excellent roasting, blanching and processing characteristics.
Georgia-09B is high-yielding, high-oleic, TSWV-resistant, medium-seeded, runner-type peanut variety that was released in 2009 by the Georgia Agricultural Experiment Stations. It was developed at the University of Georgia, Coastal Plain Experiment Station in Tifton.