No one is absolutely certain what agricultural production will be like in the Texas Panhandle in 10 or 20 years but most agree that it will be different.

Possibilities include much more dryland cotton and grain sorghum production as water resources continue to decline and restrictions on irrigation continue to increase. Some less productive acreage may revert to rangeland.

Change, in fact, is already underway. Many farmers who just several years ago used center pivot irrigation units to water entire circles of one crop every year are now planting one crop under half the pivot and another, perhaps one with more drought tolerance, under the other half. They concentrate water on the crop with the greatest moisture need or with the greatest profit potential and hope for enough rainfall during the season to make enough of the dryland crop to harvest. They switch halves the next year to take advantage of rotation.

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In some cases, farmers plant a single crop under the pivot but concentrate water on only half the circle.